CXC CSEC exam guide: Human and Social Biology - Section B: Life Processes: Unit 7: The Reproductive System

CXC Human and Social Biology exam guide: Life processes Unit 6

CXC CSEC exam guide: Human and Social Biology



UNIT 7: Reproductive system  

Specific Objectives

Students should be able to:


Explanatory notes


distinguish between sexual and asexual reproduction;



describe the structure and function of the reproductive systems in human beings;


Include the structure of the gametes, diagram of systems required ; related disorders such as ovarian, cervical and prostate cancer.

(Link to Specific Objective A4;D7)



describe the menstrual cycle;

Use of diagram for illustration; include role of hormones; folicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

luteinising hormone (LH), oestrogen, progesterone.

(Link to Specific Objective B6.15)




explain ovulation, fertilisation, implantation and development of the embryo;

Diagram of foetus in uterus required;

role of placenta, umbilical cord, and amniotic sac;

minute details of stages of development are not required.


5. describe the birth process;


6. outline the importance of prenatal care;

Importance of ante-natal and post-natal care including the advantages of breastfeeding.


explain how birth control methods prevent pregnancy;

Natural, barrier, hormonal and surgical.


8. explain the advantages and disadvantages of birth control methods;

Include the use of condoms to prevent STIs

9. discuss the issues related to abortion

Include spontaneous abortion (miscarriage); reasons for; advantages and disadvantages of abortion.

10. explain the importance of family planning;

Social and economic implications.

11. use tables charts and diagrams to represent data.  

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