CXC Integrated Science exam guide: Section D: Earth movements and their effects

CXC Integrated Science exam guide: Earth movements and their effects

CXC Integrated Science Exam Guide

Section D- Transportation

General objectives of the section:

Candidates should demonstrate an understanding of:

1. The basic principals involved in motion on land and in water and flight through air and space;

The scientific principals of road safety practices;

3. The nature of the gravitational force;
4. The motions taking place within our solar system ; .

5. The characteristics of space;
6. Earth and air movements and their effects ;
7. The principals of conservation of mass energy and momentum;
8. The methods used in transferring energy.


Specific Objectives

Students should be able to:

Explanatory notes
Suggested Practical Activities


Explain the formation of land and sea breezes;

Consideration that hot air rises and cold air sinks.

Conduct convection experiments.


Describe the various types of air masses

Air masses affecting the Caribbean;

the spread of pollutants by moving air masses;

radioactive fall-out, volcanic dust, industrial waste, Sahara dust, landfill fumes

Demonstrate by using- telephones; springs; lamps; shock absorbers in vehicles; batteries; electric motor


Distinguish between the four types of local fronts

Consider how they effect the weather

Keep records of local fronts (cold, warm, stationary, occluded) obtained form weather forecasts, relate them to weather patterns observed;

Collect records of hurricanes in the Caribbean to trace their paths on weather maps


Describe the characteristics of a cyclonic storm, particularly a hurricane

Consider conservation of linear momentum

(refer to vehicular collision)

Use the momentum conservation principle to predict the outcomes of collision;

use simple qualitative trolley experiments

5. Describe tidal waves and how they are formed

Underwater landslides, volcanoes and earthquake:

describe a tsunami and how it is formed;

6. Discuss the causes of the different types of volcanic eruptions The ecological consequences of volcanoes in the short and long term Use models to show  volcanic eruptions
7. Describe the different types of seismic waves The function of a seismograph
8. Discuss the relationship between earthquakes and volcanoes Plot occurrences of earthquakes and volcanic activity on a map of the Caribbean, Keep records of tidal patterns
9. Describe how tides are formed Some effects of tides

Study of plant and animal life on seashores or river banks with respect to tidal patterns.

Keep records of tidal patterns.


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