Information Technology Exam Guide Unit 4: Applications and Implications of Information and Communcations Technology (ICT)



CXC CSEC Information Technology: Section 4: Applications and Implications of ICT

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EXAM GUIDE:

UNIT 4: APPLICATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT)

 

GENERAL OBJECTIVE:

On completion of this Section, students should develop an awareness of:

1. the use of the computer and the implications of that use;

2. trends in Internet and Communications Technology;

3. careers in the field of Information Technology

 

SECTION A: INTERNET AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY

 

 

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

The student should be able to:

CONTENT
1.

use terms associated with data communications and networks;

 

Definitions of data communication and network;

Types of networks: (local area network, wide area network, metropolitan area network),

Types of transmission media: cable/wired media
(coaxial, fibre-optic, twisted pair), wireless media (satellite,
microwave, infra-red), wireless network technology:(Bluetooth,
Wi-Fi), hotspot, modem, bandwidth (broadband, narrowband, voiceband), communication modes: (simplex, duplex, half
duplex), point-to-point, and broadcast.

2.

Distinguish among Internet, intranet and extranet;

 

Refer to glossary.
3.

Explain concepts associated with the Internet;

 

Including Electronic mail (e-mail), newsgroups, Internet Relay Chat (IRC), Telnet, File Transfer Protocol (FTP),
upload, download, World Wide Web (WWW), web browser,
HTTP, Hypertext Markup Language (HTML/XHTML),
web page, website, blogging, webserver, URL, e-commerce, elearning, HTTP, pod-casting, bulletin board, VoIP.

 

4. Describe measures to secure data and
maintain data integrity;

Software Restrictions: passwords, encryption, virus protection,
firewall; physical access restrictions: biometric systems, guards, locks; fire/water proof cabinets; archiving; backup and recovery procedures; propriety data and software.

 

SECTION B: APPLICATIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

 

5.

Outline ways by which information can be misused;

 

Violation of privacy, propaganda, software piracy, computer fraud, electronic eavesdropping, industrial espionage,
surveillance, storage of inaccurate information, identity theft, credit card fraud.

 

6.

Describe appropriate hardware and software to meet the particular needs of a given application;

 

Projects to determine the relevant hardware and software (open source vs. proprietary) used in areas including business,
industry, science and technology, education, law enforcement,
recreation, music, gaming.

 

7.

Describe current and emerging technological trends;

 

Expert systems, robots, CADD, CAE, CAM, telemarketing, teleconferencing.
8.

Assess the impact of Information Technology on job skills and careers;

 

Computer skills used by office employees, teachers,
engineers, medical personnel, musicians, mass media
personnel, law enforcement personnel, movie industry;
loss of jobs; retraining; telecommuting.

 

9.

Describe the roles of various personnel in computer-related professions.

 

The functions of individuals in computer-related fields:
programmers, systems analysts and designers, IT managers,
systems programmers, database administrators, network
administrators, IT managers, file librarians, computer
technicians, computer engineers, software engineers, software
testers, webmaster, web-developer, software trainer, multi-media
artists.

 


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MICHAEL MUSHI's picture
MICHAEL MUSHI (not verified)
THANKS

Thanx 4 this,u made me c a light. hope many will come

MICHAEL MUSHI's picture
Hetish (not verified)
Great!

Thank you for the guidelines given.It was such a big help especially to those who were currently have their reviews.Hope you could have more information and guidelines to be shared as it is needed in the examination.Thank you!

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