CXC CSEC Social Studies exam guide - Section A: Individual, family and society

CXC CSEC Social Studies Exam Guide (effective May/June 2010) Section A: Individual, Family and Society

 

CXC CSEC Social Studies Exam Guide (effective May/June 2010)

Section A: Individual, Family and Society

 

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

The students should be able to:

CONTENT
UNIFYING CONCEPTS
1.

Explain and use correctly concepts and terms associated with the family as listed in content 1,

Explanation of the following concepts and terms associated with the family:

               (a) marriage

               (b) annulment

               (c) legal separation

               (d) divorce

               (e) alimony

               (f) Kinship

               (g) sibling

               (h) status

               (i) extended family

               (j) nuclear family

               (k) monogamy

               (l) bigamy

               (m) polyandry

               (n) polygyny

               (o) inheritance

               (p) patriarchal

               (q) matriarchal

               (r) patrifocal

               (s) matrifocal

               (t) matrilineal

               (u) patrilineal

               (v) incest

 
2. Describe the major functions of  the family;

The functions of the family  in contemporary Caribbean society:

(a) As a unit of procreation

(b) As a social unit for rearing    
     children, namely, the socialization of
     the individual;

 (c) As a economic unit for satisfying
      basic needs;

 (d) As a social unit for satisfying  
      emotional and psychological    
      needs.      

 

 
3. Compare different family types and unions in the Caribbean;

 

Difference in family types and unions in the Caribbean:

Types    - nuclear,
               extended,
               sibling households,
               single parent family

Unions -  visiting relationships,                                 common law or consensual,
               monogamy,
               legal marriage.

 

 
4.

examine the roles, relationships, and responsibilities of adult and sibling members of a Caribbean family;

 

Roles, relationships and responsibilities of adult and sibling members of the Caribbean family.

 

 
5. Explain the causes and effects of the changes in the roles of family members in Caribbean Society.

Factors which contribute to the hanging roles and responsibilities of members of the Caribbean family:

          (a) Status of women in society;

          (b) Choice of employment;

          (c)  Available technology;

          (d)  Leisure activities;

          (e)  Educational opportunities.

Results of the changing roles and responsibilities of members of the Caribbean family:

         (a) Identity crisis;

         (b) Marginalisation of the male;

         (c) Role conflict;

         (d) Development of self esteem and               confidence of women/
              independence of women.

 

 
6. Describe factors which assist in the preparation for parenthood.

Preparation for parenthood - physical, economic, emotional and psychological readiness.

 

 
7.

Examine the characteristics of effective parenting

Characteristics of a good parent:

(a) problem solving skills;

(b) communcation skills;

(c) socializing skills;

(d) disciplinary skills;

(e) knowledge of good nutrition;

(f) showing love/warmth;

(g)money management skills.

 
8.

Formulate strategies for dealing with contemporary social issues that influence Caribbean family life.

 

Contemporary social issues which influence Caribbean family life:

(a) child abuse,

(b) incest,

(c) street children,

(d) promiscuity,

(e) sexually transmitted diseases,

(e) teenage pregnancy,

(f) juvenile delinquency,

(g) substance abuse,

(h) poverty,

(i) domestic violence,

(j) desertion,

(k) alternative life styles,

(l) suicide,

(m) care and concern for the aged and 
      those with special needs.

 

 
9. Assess the reasons for laws tp protect the family in social situations as listed in content (9);

 

Laws related to,

(a) inheritance,

(b) childcare

(c) legal separation

(d) divorce.

(e) domestic violence.

 
10. Account for the cultural divdersity of the Cariibean region;

The cultural diversity of the Caribbean region.

(a) The existence of cultural patterns,
      customs, ceremonies, religins and
      festivals in the Caribbean region;

(b) Promotion of ancestral customs, art,
      craft, language, music, dance and
      folklore by national,organizations and
      groups.

 

 
11. Explain and use correctly terms and concepts associated with social groups and institutions as listed in content (11)

Explanation of the following terms and concepts associated with social groups:

(a) primary group

     secondary group

     formal group

     informal group

     peer group

     interest group

     voluntary and involuntary membership

     culture

     institution

     social copntrol

     folkways

     norms

     mores

     laws

(b) examples of

     primary

     secondary

     formal and

     informal groups

found in the Caribbean

 

 
12.

Outline the characteristics of primary, secondary, formal and informal groups;

 

Characteristics of social groups:

         (a) structure;

         (b) common goals;

         (c) voluntary or involuntary
              membership;

         (d) marks of identity;

         (e) common needs, interest and
               values;

         (f) specifiuc ways of interacting
             determined by rules and
             regulations;

         (g) established patterns of
               behaviour;

         (h) cooperation to achive group
                goals;

         (i) sanctions

 

 
13. Describe the requirements for cohesion in groups and institutions

Requirements for group cohesion:

          - leadeship,

          - control,

          - cooperation,

          - authority,

          - committment,

          - loyalty

 

 
14. Explain the different types of interaction within and among social groups;

Aspects of social interction within and among groups:

competition,

conflict,

cooperation,

compromise.

 

 
15. Describe the characteristics of institutons;

Characteristics of institutions:

Institutions as:

(a) A social norm:

     (i) Made up of norms, mores, and
          values;

     (ii) Endure over time

     (iii) Can be modified

     (iv) Influence the workings of society

     (v) Form the basis for the development            of organizations.

(b) An organization:

     (i) hierarchical structure

     (ii) specific function

     (iii) written rules

     (iv) fixed sanctions

     (v) endure over time

     (vi) symbols

     (vii) rituals

 

 
16. Evaluate the functions of institutions in society;

Functions of institutions:

     (a) economic

     (b) educational

     (c) recreational

     (d) religious

     (e) political

 

 
17. Describe the electoral processes and systems used to elect a government in the Commonwealth Caribbean;

(a) definition of the following terms and       concepts:

     (i) government,

     (ii) political party,

     (ii)constituency,

     (iv) candidate,

     (v) electorate,

     (vi) voters' list,

     (vii) floating voter,

     (viii) representative,

     (ix) adult sufferage,

     (x) franchaise,

     (xi) manifesto,

     (xii) ballot,

     (xiii) hung parliament,

     (xiv) government of national unity.

 

 
18. Describe how political parties prepare for elections

Preparation for elections:

    (a) select candidates

    (b) raise funds

    (c) conduct campaigns

    (d) identify important issues

    (e) monitor the party in power/
         opposition

    (f) monitor the electoral process

    (g) commission public opinion polls

    (h) publish manifesto

 
19. Outline the factors that influence the outcomes of elections;

Impact of the following on elections:

    (a) media coverage

    (b) campaign advertising

    (c) public opinion polls

    (d) voter turnout

    (e) voter attitude to government

    (f) campaign strategy

    (g) campaign spending

 

 
20. Describe the factors that influence voter participation in elections;

Influences on voter turnout:

    (a) campaign issues

    (b) candidates

    (c) voter attitudes toward government

    (d) voter loyalty to political parties

    (e) voter apathy

    (f) education

    (g) age

    (h) income

 

 
21. Differentiate among the types of government systems in the Commonwealth Caribbean;

Types of government systems -

    crown colony

    constitutional monarchy

    republicanism

 

 
22. Describe the structure of government;

Sturucture of government - principle of separation of powers.

(a) Legislature -structure, composition
                          and  functions, steps in
                          making laws,  the role of
                          the opposition, the role of
                          the head of state.

(b) Executive - compostion and functions, 
                        The role of the Civil
                        service.

(c) Judiciary - structure of the court
                      system, Functions of
                      magistrates' courts, high
                      courts, privy council,  
                      Caribbean Court of Justice.

(d) Role of the security systems - e.g.  
                      police  service, prison
                      service.

 

 
23. Evaluate the functions of government;

Functions of government:

a)   raise revenue through direct and
      indirect taxation;

(b)  provide social services: welfare,
      education, health, public utilities;

(c)   manange the finances of the country
      (budgeting);

(d) maintain law and order;

(e) create employment opportunities;

(f) maintain international relations;

(g) defend the nation state.

 

 
24. Describe the relationship between citizens and governments as stated in the constitution;

relationship between citizen and government as stated in the constitution,

(a) Definition of the following terms and concepts,

              constitution

              democracy

              authoritarian

      (b)    human rights,

              freedom and responsibility

     (c)     role of the Ombudsman

 

 
25. Identify the essentials of good governance

characteristics of good governance -

              participation,

              independence of the judiciary,

              transparency,

              accountability

              responsiveness to the needs of
              citizens,

              access to information,

              prudent use of resources,

              efficient civil service

              consultation

              tolerance of freedom of
              expression

 

 
26.

Interpret statistical data in the form of tables, graphs and charts on elections.

 

statistical data relating to elections.  

Section B: Sustainable Development and Use of Resources

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ruth wilson's picture
ruth wilson (not verified)
social studies

o plz u all need help all a this and we teacher ent teach half god helf we in tht exams tomorrow
]]

ruth wilson's picture
Campion Student (not verified)
WHAT???

Could you please rewrite that comment mate. I can't understand what you wrote....I'm from England not really good in patois thank you.

ruth wilson's picture
Campion Student (not verified)
MADNESS!!!!!!!

SOME of the subjects CXC sets the paper like they WANT the students to fail.

ruth wilson's picture
shanakay (not verified)
social studies

it is long but i will try my best in passing it loving the site it helps me alot

ruth wilson's picture
guest (not verified)
Social Studies

these are a lot!

ruth wilson's picture
Rushardo (not verified)
Social Studies

this is were i am going to study

ruth wilson's picture
kemmesha (not verified)
very interesting. this is

very interesting. this is where am going to study.

ruth wilson's picture
guest (not verified)
wow man these are alot wow

wow man these are alot wow

ruth wilson's picture
guest (not verified)
I AGREE WITH WHAT U SAID THEY

I AGREE WITH WHAT U SAID THEY AREN'T BEING VERY SPECIFIC ABOUT THIS THING. IT'S A JOKE TO THEM

ruth wilson's picture
guest (not verified)
social studies section 1 madness

26??!! 26 objectives in ONE section of a syllabus??!!
What madness is that??? That is too many objectives for one syllabus section! Why don't they throw the kitchen sink and the dog bowl in there while they are at it? They have everything else in there.

*smh* somebody needs to talk to these people about curriculum development.

ruth wilson's picture
Marie (not verified)
a real tlk!!!! a saw its jus

a real tlk!!!! a saw its jus one section an a ova 20+ objectives !!!

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